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Unit 6 When was it invented
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Unit 6 When was it invented

阅读课  Section A3a-4c 

Learning Goals

1.功能:通过阅读了解茶的发展历史,并能用简单的语言描述出来.

2.掌握下列词汇和短语:accidental, by accident, nearly, ruler, boil, remain, smell, saint, national, trade, take place, doubt, without doubt

3.情感目标:培养学生的科学创新精神.

(目标引领,用两句话概括了本节课的知识、能力和情感目标。)

Step1  Preview                

Look at P43, put them into English orally, then write them down without looking at the text.

Phrases: Translate the phrases.

1.落入;陷入____________             2.一段时间_______________      

3.茶圣 ________________             4.少于 __________________

5.发生 ________________             6.19世纪______________     

7….的普及_____________             8.毫无疑问_______________ 

Sentences: Translate the sentences

1.     你知道茶,世界上最受欢迎的饮料(仅次于水), 是偶然被发明的吗?

_________________________________________________

2.     据说一个名叫神农的中国统治者是第一个发现茶这种饮料的人.

_________________________________________________

3.     从中国到西方国家的茶叶贸易出现在19世纪.

_________________________________________________

4.     毫无疑问, 中国人是最懂茶的本质的人.

_________________________________________________

 

 (通过检查预习,让学生快速说出他们预习的短语和句子,了解学生对课本知识的掌握情况,为下一步的教学做好铺垫。)

Step2  Warming up and leading in热身导入

T: What will you do if you are really thirsty?

Would you like to drink these beverages?

T: beverage = drink  n. 饮料

 

 

 

T: How do these beverages taste?

What’s the mo st traditional beverage in China?

Do you know the history of tea?

Can you guess how tea was invented?

S1: I guess it was invented by an inventor.

S2: I think it was invented by a peasant.

T: Now please read the passage about tea to check your guess. Let’s come to 3a.

 

通过展示图片的形式引出话题,通过一个个的问题,激发学生的求知欲望,根据他们的好奇心理,开启他们的合作意识与探索精神,让每个学生都能参与到课堂中来。)

Step3  While-reading

1. Read for the general idea读取大意

  The general idea of the article is about ________.

   A. how tea was invented        

   B. the book Cha Jing

   C. the history of tea

 

(速读课文回答文章的大意了解短文信息。通过让学生快速阅读课文充分锻炼了学生在较短的时间内快速提取信息并概括归纳课文的能力,同时形成良好的阅读习惯,培养速度能力。)

2.Read for the specific ideas读取细节

Task 1 Read the passage quickly and match each paragraph with its paragraph with its main idea.(skimming)

  Paragraph 1     Lu Yu and his book Cha Jing

  Paragraph 2     How tea spread to other countries

  Paragraph 3     How tea was invented by accident

Task 2 Fill in the chart according to 3a (scanning)

Read paragraph 1 and fill in the blanks.

when

who

 

how

 

ways

Firstly

Secondly

Thirdly

Fourthly

Lastly

today

 

 

Read paragraph 2and answer the questions.

1. Who is called “the saint of tea”?

  _______________________

2. What is Cha Jing about?

_________________________

Read paragraph 3 and fill in the blanks.

It  ______ _______ that tea ___ __ ___ Korea and Japan ____ the 6th and 7th centuries. In England, tea _____ appear _____ around 1660, but in less than 100 years, it had become the ____ _____. The  ___ ____ from China to Western countries ____ _____ in the 19th century. This helped to _____ the _________ of tea and the tea plant to more places around the world. ___ _____ many people now know about tea culture, the Chinese are _____ _____ the ones who best understand the nature of tea.

 

(通过对课文细致的阅读,让学生进一步的体会课文的大意。)

 Step4  Post-reading activities读后活动

A.    Listen to the tape and repeat.

(让学生听音跟读,旨在调动眼视听众感官深刻体会文章内容,更主要的是让学生通过跟读培养学生的语音语调,学着读出真正的地道的英语。并对学生掌握不准的词汇的读音进行学习或纠正。)

B.  Try to retell the text (look at the mind map).

 

(运用mind-map提示词让学生复述出所学课文,成为语言的输出任务。让学生速读、细读然后再回答问题,通过这几个环节大量练习,促成学生对所学的语言进行输入 后,让学生再去复述课文。进一步提高学生的综合运用语言的能力。)

C. Read and fill in the blanks.

T: Look at the picture . Do you know how the telephone was invented?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

The telephone ______(invent) by Alexander Graham Bell. He _____(born) in 1847. Mr. Bell _____(work) on the invention of the telephone with Thomas Watson. In 1875, Mr. Bell _____(learn) how to send musical notes through an instrument similar to a telephone. Finally, the telephone _____(invent) in 1876. The first sentence that _____(say) on the telephone by Mr. Bell was “Mr. Watson, come here; I want to see you.” Today the telephone ____ (use) around the world.

 

 

Step5  Inquiry int o knowledge by translation(翻译探究)

When was the zipper invented?

   It was invented in 1893.

   Who was it invented by?

   It was invented by Whitcomb Judson.

以上句子都是有关一般过去时的______的句子.

1.    一般过去时的被动语态的构成: __________________

2.    句式变化: 肯定句:______________

          否定句:______________

          一般疑问句:__________

 

助记 谁的动作不知道,说出谁做没必要;承受之人需强调,被动语态莫忘了.

1. ….the Chinese are without doubt the ones who best understand the nature of tea.

2.  She doubt him, because he was ever dishonest.

doubt可用作名词, 意为________. 常用短语 without doubt, 意为_________.

doubt 还可用作动词, 意为_______, 可接名词, 代词, “疑问词+动词不定式作宾语.

 (让学生在自主、合作、探究学习的环境中去理解语法,学生已经会的教师就不要讲解,解答他们认为是很难的问题。在各个小组长的带领下解答问题,然后统一答案,充分的体现小组合作的高效性和自主性。)

Enjoy the interesting inventions in our life

 

 

 

 


 

Step6  The end-of- class test当堂检测

3c Comple te th e sentences with the correct forms of the verbs in the box.

invent  drink  bring  produce  trade

1.     One of the world’s favorite drinks was ____ by accident.

2.      Tea was first _____ by Shen Nong about 5,000 years ago.

3.     A nice smell was ____ when the tea leaves dropped into the hot water.

4.     Tea was _____ to Korea and Japan during the 6th and 7th centries.

5.     Tea is now ____ between many different countries.

4a Rewrite the sentences using the passive voice.

1.       They sold the fridge at a low voice.

____________________________

2.       Somebody stole my camera from my hotel room.

____________________________

3.       Where did you take these photos?

____________________________

4.       Our parents advised us not to go out alone.

____________________________

5.       Different writers translated the book into different language.

_______________ _____________

4b Complete the sentences with the correct forms of the verbs in the box.

  eat  lock  like  ring  invite  break  tell  bring 

1.You _____ to the party last night, weren’t you? Why didn’t you go?

2. The earthquake happened all of a sudden, but luckily the villagers ____ to a safe place.

3. The door _____ when we arrived, so we _____ the bell.

4. The students ____ not to eat or drink in class, but Rudy ____ the rule when she started eating a biscuit in science class.

5.The cookies _____ by the hungry kids i n less than 20 minutes, and they really ____ them.

 

答案

                              

Inquiry into knowledge by translation

一 拉链是什么时候发明的? 它是1893年被发明的.

它是由谁发明的? 它是由Whitcomb Judson发明的.

被动语态 1.was/were+及物动词的过去分词

2. w as/were+及物动词的过去分词

was/were+ not +及物动词的过去分词

Was/Were+主语+及物动词的过去分词

毫无疑问,中国人是最懂茶的本质的人.

   她怀疑他,因为他曾经不诚实过.

   疑惑,疑问; 毫无疑问,的确; 怀疑

 

Step6  The end-of- class test

3a   1.invented  2.drunk  3.produced  4.brought  5.traded

4a 1. The fridge was sold at a low price.

2. My camera was stolen from my hotel room by somebody.

3. Where were these photos taken?

4. We were advised by our parents not to go out alone.

5. The book was translated into different languages by different writers.

4b

1. were invited  2. were brought  3. was locked; rang  4.were told; broke  5.were eaten; liked

 

教学反思

本课的内容是阅读课。让学生带着问题速读文章,找出文章的大意; 然后让学生细读文章,完成阅读的另外几项任务。通过这些策略的训练,有利于学生逐渐提高概括大意和理解细节的能力。读后的听、跟读、复述和背诵等活动有利于学生内化所学的内容,让学生充分认识到茶发明的意义,同时激发他们的发明创造意识。

    本课最好结合多媒体使用,利用图片引入茶的种类,增加课堂的趣味性。同时注意让学生做到小组之间的提前预习,通过小组的合作让学生提前突破单词,找到自己在课文中的困难,包括词句的突破。为以后的课堂学习奠定基础,小组的合作使每一个学生都能参与到课堂中来,争取不落下一个学生。

 

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